The reading tests are made up of short questions based on two or more texts. Some of the questions check how well the text has been understood, others aim to find out if children are able to make judgements about what they are reading.
Before the start of the test, children can try out some practice questions so that they will know what the different types of questions are like and what they may be asked.
Each test takes up to an hour but younger children can take a break part-way through.
There are two kinds of numeracy tests.
1. The procedural test measures skills in things like numbers, measuring and data.
2. The reasoning test measures how well children can use what they know to solve everyday problems.
Each of the numeracy tests takes up to half an hour, but again, younger children can take a break during the tests.